Promoting cooperative and competitive physical education methodologies for improving the launch's ability and reducing gender differences

The goal of this study is to look at gender differences in the efficiency of learning throwing as a fundamental motor skill using two different intervention methods: cooperative and competitive. The instrument was able to test and analyze the motor capability of the throw at the start and end of the intervention based on three research factors: a) student participation in the activity at the start and end of the learning process, b) motor level qualitative features, and c) motor level quantitative aspects attained with the launch. The findings show that cooperative and competitive learning are effective methods for generating superior outcomes in terms of task involvement, qualitative and quantitative features at the motor level, and fostering a more equitable learning process among students. Gender differences were found, with boys demonstrating the greatest progress when the competitive technique was used, whereas girls and boys achieved comparable outcomes when the cooperative methodology was used. Keywords: physical education, cooperative learning, gender, launch ability, school students ​
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