Adversidad y trauma. Una aproximación multidimensional y existencial a los factores psicológicos disfuncionales y adaptativos asociados

Trauma and existential concerns are humanly universal issues, which constitute fundamental psychological aspects and whose possible associations are not completely understood. The main objective of this research was to examine the associations between various factors associated with psychological trauma and aspects of positive existential psychology, in conjunction with other aspects related to mental health. The thesis consists of two studies, which comprise six publications with specific topics and objectives. On the one hand, study I includes five articles: (1) A systematic review article on the scientific evidence of associations between adversity and existential issues, as well as four empirical articles involving Mexican university students (N = 162), focused on the associations between (2) Cognitions, posttraumatic growth and personality, (3) Resilience, clinical syndromes, attitudes towards death and religion, (4) Posttraumatic symptoms, meaning of life and family functionality; and finally, a (5) qualitative exploration of the positive facet of traumatic suffering, significant moments and the realization of the meaning of life. Among the main findings of Study I is the broadness and variety of characteristics of the possible psychological repercussions of trauma, including positive responses. In addition, the diverse and repeated associations between aspects of trauma and existential aspects stand out. On the other hand, Study II, which resulted in one publication, (6) examines the traumatic impact and meaning of life at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in a sample of citizens from different countries (N = 543). The findings of this study indicate considerable psychological distress following the pandemic and an inverse association between posttraumatic symptoms and meaning in life. Finally, the six publications and their corresponding findings are interpreted within the same line of research. Implications for mental health are discussed, as well as future recommendations and different areas of potentially beneficial intervention for people affected by trauma are suggested ​
​ADVERTIMENT. Tots els drets reservats. L'accés als continguts d'aquesta tesi doctoral i la seva utilització ha de respectar els drets de la persona autora. Pot ser utilitzada per a consulta o estudi personal, així com en activitats o materials d'investigació i docència en els termes establerts a l'art. 32 del Text Refós de la Llei de Propietat Intel·lectual (RDL 1/1996). Per altres utilitzacions es requereix l'autorització prèvia i expressa de la persona autora. En qualsevol cas, en la utilització dels seus continguts caldrà indicar de forma clara el nom i cognoms de la persona autora i el títol de la tesi doctoral. No s'autoritza la seva reproducció o altres formes d'explotació efectuades amb finalitats de lucre ni la seva comunicació pública des d'un lloc aliè al servei TDX. Tampoc s'autoritza la presentació del seu contingut en una finestra o marc aliè a TDX (framing). Aquesta reserva de drets afecta tant als continguts de la tesi com als seus resums i índexs.