La importancia de la abducción en la etapa de investigación criminal

The article aims to show the importance of discussing abduction, a type of inference that plays a central role in the evidential reasoning presented in the early stages of criminal investigation. After explaining the inference structure, the use of abduction reasoning will be exemplified using a real case, in which the police officer’s decision-making process was premature and biased, resulting in a judicial error and the conviction of an innocent man. Although not exhaustive, at the end, will be presented some suggestions to improve the criminal investigation using the abduction reasoning, as the use of artificial intelligence tools and public policy proposals which could be implemented to train those responsible for criminal investigations, all in order to generate better hypotheses ​
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