L'embaràs adolescent. Eficàcia els programes de prevenció primària : revisió bibliogràfica

Anfruns Pujolràs, Vanessa
Introduction: Adolescence is a period of transition, growth and human development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood between the ages of 10 and 19 years. Adolescent pregnancy is a global public health problem that has sociocultural, economic, psychological, and physical consequences for the young population. There has been a decline in the adolescent birth rate, although adolescent pregnancies account for 11% of all pregnancies worldwide. Objectives: The main objective is to analyze the primary prevention programs to prevent teenage pregnancy. On the other hand, the secondary objectives are to identify the characteristics of the primary prevention programs of the adolescent pregnancy, according to the territory, type of intervention and field of action. Summarize its advantages/disadvantages and determine the nurse's role in them. Material and methods: A literature review was conducted between december 2019 and march 2020 using the PubMed, Scielo, dialnet and CINAHL databases. A total of 15 articles were selected that matched the inclusion criteria. Results: There is a great variability of interventions in the 15 articles analyzed, according to the territory, the model of intervention, the field of action and the presence of the nursing role. Conclusions: The results obtained in the bibliographic search have determined the lack of scientific evidence in primary prevention programs and the effectiveness of the nursing role in preventing adolescent pregnancy. The role of nursing in the prevention of teenage pregnancy requires knowledge and skills ​
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