Cuidando al cuidador: diseño, aplicación y evaluación del programa EMOCARE. Educación socioemocional destinada a familiares cuidadores de personas con trastorno mental

Ribot Horas, Arantxa
The Spanish Psychiatric Reform in 1985 promoted the change in the treatment of people with mental illness, moving from hospitalization to community rehabilitation. All the services and resources deployed to implement the Reform were insufficient, so the relatives were the ones who began to take most of the care of the patients (McNiel, Rosales and Binder, 1992). This fact impacted negatively into the informal caregivers and so their wellbeing was affected. Due to this new reality the mental health professionals understood the need of providing them with formation, assistance and emotional support. Facing this reality, it’s been designed, applied and evaluated the effectiveness of the EMOCARE program. This is a pedagogical intervention based on socioemocional learning and seeks to promote the emotional intelligence of caregivers who provide assistance to people with mental illness, all of them patients of the Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu. The intervention has been developed during 8 weekly sessions that lasted a total of 16 hours. To this end, has been carried out an exploratory and quasi-experimental research with two research groups and in three different research times (T1 before starting the program, T2 at its end and T3 after six month of T2). After running the descriptive analyzes, correlations, t student test, ANOVA and ANCOVA, it is possible to conclude that the EMOCARE program reported positive results in terms of design (M=38.5, DT=2,12) and implementation (M=4.66, DT=.2) and is a suitable tool to improve the well-being of caregivers of people with mental illness disorder. ​
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