Structural characterization of mechanically alloyed nanocrystalline Cu-Fe: Strain broadening due to dislocations

Nanocrystalline Cu(Fe) solid solution was successfully synthesized by using high-energy mechanical milling. The structural and morphological changes during mechanical milling were investigated by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The patterns so obtained were analyzed using the X'Pert High Score Plus program. The final product of the mechanical alloying process was nanocrystalline FCC Cu(Fe) solid solution with a mean crystallite size in the range of few nanometers. The final microstructure, especially the high levels of lattice strains was explained by the presence of dislocations, with a dislocation density of about 7.4×1016m-2. The identified steady-state saturation values of these parameters can be related to accumulate strain hardening of the powder material during longer milling times ​
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