{ "dc.contributor.author": "Wood, R. E." , "dc.contributor.author": "Arrizabalaga, Álvaro" , "dc.contributor.author": "Camps, M." , "dc.contributor.author": "Fallon, S." , "dc.contributor.author": "Iriarte-Chiapusso, M. J." , "dc.contributor.author": "Jones, R." , "dc.contributor.author": "Maroto, Julià" , "dc.contributor.author": "Rasilla, M. de la" , "dc.contributor.author": "Santamaría, D." , "dc.contributor.author": "Soler i Subils, Joaquim" , "dc.contributor.author": "Soler i Masferrer, Narcís" , "dc.contributor.author": "Villaluenga, A." , "dc.contributor.author": "Higham, T. F G" , "dc.date.accessioned": "2015-12-14T11:58:55Z" , "dc.date.available": "2015-12-14T11:58:55Z" , "dc.date.issued": "2014" , "dc.identifier.issn": "0047-2484" , "dc.identifier.uri": "http://hdl.handle.net/10256/11707" , "dc.description.abstract": "Since the late 1980s, northern Iberia has yielded some of the earliest radiocarbon dated Aurignacian assemblages in Western Europe, probably produced by anatomically modern humans (AMHs). This is at odds with its location furthest from the likely eastern entry point of AMHs, and has also suggested to some that the Châtelperronian resulted from cultural transfer from AMHs to Neanderthals. However, the accuracy of the early chronology has been extensively disputed, primarily because of the poor association between the dated samples and human activity. Here, we test the chronology of three sites in northern Iberia, L'Arbreda, Labeko Koba and La Viña, by radiocarbon dating ultrafiltered collagen from anthropogenically modified bones. The published dates from Labeko Koba are shown to be significant underestimates due to the insufficient removal of young contaminants. The early (c.44 ka cal BP [thousands of calibrated years before present]) Aurignacian chronology at L'Arbreda cannot be reproduced, but the reason for this is difficult to ascertain. The existing chronology of La Viña is found to be approximately correct. Together, the evidence suggests that major changes in technocomplexes occurred contemporaneously between the Mediterranean and Atlantic regions of northern Iberia, with the Aurignacian appearing around 42 ka cal BP, a date broadly consistent with the appearance of this industry elsewhere in Western Europe" , "dc.description.sponsorship": "This research was funded by a NERC Standard grant (NE/D014077/1) as part of the project 'Dating of the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition in western Europe using ultrafiltration AMS radiocarbon' for which we are extremely grateful. R. Wood was funded by a tied studentship to this grant. A. Villaluenga was funded by the Basque Government Ph.D. funding program. Roger Jacobi, British Museum, is thanked for discussions, invaluable advice in sample selection and bone identification. Javier Fortea, Universidad de Oviedo, is thanked for help in sample selection and interpretation of results from La Villa. Both sadly passed away during the course of this project Maite Izquierdo, Heritage Preservation, Basque Government, is thanked for help sampling bone from Labeko Koba. Excavation and research at l'Arbreda is funded by the Culture Ministry of Catalonia and the ministerial projects HAR2010-19120 (The Middle Palaeolithic of the L'Arbreda Cave) and HAR2010-22013 (Cultural, Paleoenvironmental and Chronological History of the Last Neanderthals and Early Modern Humans in the North of the Iberian Peninsula)" , "dc.format.mimetype": "application/pdf" , "dc.language.iso": "eng" , "dc.publisher": "Elsevier" , "dc.relation": "MICINN/PN 2011-2013/HAR2010-19120" , "dc.relation.isformatof": "Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.12.017" , "dc.relation.ispartof": "© Journal of Human Evolution, 2014, vol. 69, p. 91-109" , "dc.relation.ispartofseries": "Articles publicats (D-H)" , "dc.rights": "Tots els drets reservats" , "dc.subject": "Paleolític superior -- Espanya" , "dc.subject": "Paleolithic period -- Spain" , "dc.subject": "Aurinyacià -- Espanya" , "dc.subject": "Aurignacian culture -- Spain" , "dc.subject": "Châtelperronià -- Espanya" , "dc.subject": "Chatelperronien culture -- Spain" , "dc.subject": "Gravetià -- Espanya" , "dc.subject": "Gravettian culture -- Spain" , "dc.subject": "Mosterià -- Espanya" , "dc.subject": "Mousterian culture -- Spain" , "dc.subject": "Radiocarboni, Mètode del" , "dc.subject": "Radiocarbon dating" , "dc.title": "The chronology of the earliest Upper Palaeolithic in northern Iberia: New insights from L'Arbreda, Labeko Koba and La Viña" , "dc.type": "info:eu-repo/semantics/article" , "dc.rights.accessRights": "info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess" , "dc.embargo.terms": "Cap" , "dc.type.version": "info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion" , "dc.identifier.doi": "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.12.017" , "dc.identifier.idgrec": "022392" , "dc.contributor.funder": "Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)" }