Conformal prediction of air pollution concentrations for the Barcelona Metropolitan Region

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This thesis is aimed to introduce a newly developed machine learning method, conformal predictors, for air pollution assessment. For the given area of study, the Barcelona Metropolitan Region (BMR), several conformal prediction models have been developed. These models use the specification which is called ridge regression confidence machine (RRCM). The conformal predictors that have been developed for the purposes of the present study are ridge regression models, and they always provide valid predictions. Instead of a point prediction, a conformal predictor outputs a prediction set, which is usually an interval. It is desired that these sets would be as small as possible. The underlying algorithm for the conformal predictors derived in this thesis is ordinary kriging. A kriging-based conformal predictor can capture spatial distribution of the data with the use of so-called "kernel trick" ​
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