Elaboració i validació d'un qüestionari per a avaluar les habilitats per a la vida

Introduction: According to the World Health Organization – WHO – life skills "are abilities to adopt an adaptive and positive behavior that allows individuals to effectively address the demands and challenges of everyday life. They are directly related to personal actions, the ones we do for others and the ones we do to change the context around us to make it healthier." Despite the significant number of programs and strategies to work and develop these skills, different international agencies highlight the lack of conceptual clarity and measurement instruments. Objectives: To explore the existence of questionnaires that measure, globally or partially, the 10 skills of WHO 2003, to develop a definition of each skill and to design a unified questionnaire to evaluate the degree of development of these 10 skills in adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. Methodology: Qualitative and quantitative methodology strategies were combined. The scientific literature was explored through the SPIDER strategy to search for existing questionnaires to measure these 10 skills, and a specific search was carried out for each of them. A conceptual definition of the skills was made through the double-round DELPHI methodology in three languages: Catalan, Spanish and English, and the subdimensions of each skill were identified. The creation of the questionnaire followed the recommendations of the literature and the main international associations (AERA, APA and NCME, 2014; International Test Commission, 2014). The questionnaire was created in Catalan and Spanish with the participation of experts, a semantic test was carried out with the target population, and it was validated in Spanish by a group of Spanish speakers. The validity, reliability and impartiality of the questionnaire were evaluated with the follow-up study of the Standards (AERA, APA and NCME, 2014)’ recommendations, Cronbach's Alpha’s calculation, McDonald's Omega and 'Confirmatory Factorial Analysis. The questionnaire was administered online to a convenience sample of 240 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years." ​
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