Plan of implementation of a tram system in the urban area of Girona

Oliva i Freixas, Isaac
This Final Degree Project presents a preliminary study on the implementation of a tram system in the urban area of Girona. Specifically, it is proposed to improve the quality the current public transport as well as to decongest the traffic of urban centres and connect the municipalities of Salt and Vilablareix with the urban nucleus of the city of Girona in an efficient way. This work analyses the historical evolution of the tram and the current tram networks in Spain, Catalonia and Europe in order to collect data and develop a competitive solution for a tram system in the urban area of Girona. Consequently, a preliminary study of the tram is carried out and relevant comparisons are carried out with other transport systems. As a result, it is concluded that the tram allows to reduce CO2 emissions from 183 g/vkm (traveller per kilometre) to 26.4 g/vkm. A mobility study is then presented. Firstly, the current transport system is described, including: private transport, which represents 30% of the total; the public transport, which represents 5% and non-motorised tranaport, which assumes the most demand among the population - at 65%. Secondly, a population distribution is calculated, population growth is adjusted and a demand model is drawn up. The latter depends heavily on the socioeconomic conditions and the location of municipal facilities, commercial areas and the areas of heritage interest because they are determinants of the direction of travel for personal or work reasons ​
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