Estratègies cinegètiques i aprofitament animal en el pas del MIS-3 al MIS-2 al nord-est de la península Ibèrica

So as to understand how hunter-gatherer communities faced the climatic deterioration that ended in the last glacial maximum, the research of this PhD thesis is focused on the study of osteoarchaeological remains retrieved from the residential contexts of Iberian Middle Gravettian (c. 28.5-31 ka cal BP) and Final Gravettian (c. 23.5-30 ka cal BP) levels of Arbreda Cave. The methodical examination of faunal remains of small mammals (erinaceids and leporids), carnivores and ungulates has allowed us to reach the principal target: investigate in depth hunting strategies and practices as well as dietary habits and animal raw material exploitation in the northeast of Iberian Peninsula during the transition from MIS-3 to MIS-2. The archaeozoological analysis suggests a hunt focused on familial groups of horses and red deer among ungulates as well as rabbits and hedgehogs among small prey. The taphonomic study points to an intensive management of products obtained from hunt. Concerning ungulates, an exhaustive exploitation was carried out: it is observed different kinds of butchery activities, marrow extraction and use of bone as fuel and raw material to make “less-elaborated” tools. With regard to small prey, the carcasses were whole carried to the site, where they were butchered, cooked and consumed. The spatial distribution analysis reveal that hunter-gatherer communities established themselves in particular areas of the cave, close to the north wall and beneath the existing roof of the shelter. The low level of space organization complexity in activity areas supports the idea that occupation would not have been long. As far as seasonality is concerned, although hunter-gatherers frequented the site throughout the year, the most intensive use took place between spring and autumn during the Middle Gravettian and from early spring to early summer during the Final Gravettian ​
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