Multi-vector energy optimization tools for energy islands

Synergies between multiple energy vectors can support decarbonization of local energy islands and, at the same time, relieve stress from the electricity grid. Multi-vector energy systems offer flexibility to integrate variable and economic local energy generation. However, the implementation and operation of multi-vector energy systems face technical, societal and business-related challenges. This paper identifies these challenges and proposes different tools to tackle them. These tools are to be developed in the E-LAND project funded by European Union under the H2020 scheme. Special focus of the paper is on developing a method for optimal planning and operation of multi-vector grid considering robustness. Another novelty of technical tool lies in making scheduling decisions on long-term and short-term storage considering demand response as flexibility resource. By combining technological, societal and business tools, the project expects to create multi-vector energy systems accepted by citizens and with viable business model ​