Microbial communities responses in fluvial biofilms under metal stressed scenarios

Argudo Fernández, Maria
This thesis shows how the metals of natural and anthropic origin change significantly the composition of the prokaryotic communities (mainly the composition of bacteria). The β-diversity is the most sensitive variable to the effects of metals, unlike α-diversity, which is hardly affected or even benefited. In scenarios with high and chronic metal pollution, the resident community (DNA fraction) suffers changes in its composition that can be detected at phylum or class taxonomic level. However, in fluvial ecosystems, subjected to lower levels of metal pollution, only the RNA fraction is affected by selecting more active OTUs/ASVs. In addition, the knowledge about the bacterial composition of communities and, consequently, the selection of specific taxa is useful to find some potential prokaryotes functions important in stress response caused by metals ​
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