Experimental study of simple and multi-leaf masonry slender elements under compressive stress loaded parallel to the face

The thin-tile vault is a structural system widely used in the Mediterranean area. The most spectacular development took place through modernist-style buildings designed by architects such as Antonio Gaudí o Luís Domènech and Muntaner among the others. Thin-tile vault, from a morphological standpoint, is made up of one or more leaf of thin-tile lay flat, and joined with plaster or mortar. As a particularity of this arrangement, the load is applied parallel to the face of the thin-tile as opposed to the load-bearing walls masonry, where the load is applied perpendicularly to it. Deepening the knowledge of this type of masonry is the main objective of this thesis. In masonry, normally the compressive strength of the constituent materials is used to analytically establish the compressive strength of the masonry. This thesis, and based on the experimental results on one-, two- , and three-leaf thin-tile specimens, analyse stress-strain law, failure modes, and mechanical properties and compared with those corresponding to different masonries presented in the literature ​
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