Hàbits de protecció solar en els socorristes: projecte de recerca

Alenyà Surós, Albert
Introduction: The effects of excessive sun exposure and ultra-violet radiation on people’s skin are known, such as sunburn in short-term. Also, premature skin aging and skin cancer are long-term illnesses. These health problems are increasing considerably since sunbathing became a habit with crowding beaches and beliefs about the benefits of being exposed to sunlight. That is why beach workers like water lifeguards are not excluded. This group is bound to remain in this environment all summer long, making them vulnerable to sun exposure so it is advisable to know if they are properly protected. The objective of this project is to know the sun exposure habits of beach lifeguards in Blanes (Girona province, Spain), and with the data obtained, evaluate if from a nursing point of view, it is necessary to invest resources in interventions in health education and help them to improve their health. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study will be carried out, taking a non-probabilistic sample of all the 25 lifeguards who are working in the beach service of Blanes. After obtaining the approval of the manager of the lifeguard service and once signed the informed consent of the participants, they will answer an specific online survey prepared for this project during the first week of August 2020, which will measure sociodemographic variables, sun exposure habits, sun protection practices, attitudes, knowledge and reflections, which will be analysed quantitatively using the IMB SPSS v26 program ​
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