Capacity adiposity indices to identify metabolic syndrome in subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk (MARK study)

Gómez Marcos, Manuel A.
Gómez Sánchez, Leticia
Patino Alonso, Maria Carmen
Recio Rodriguez, Jose I.
Gómez Sánchez, Marta
Rigo, Fernando
Martí Lluch, Ruth
Agudo Conde, Cristina
García Ortiz, Luís
Background Obesity increases mortality, and is linked to cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the ability of different adiposity indices to identify subjects with MetS among people with intermediate cariovascular risk. Materials and methods The cross-sectional study involved 2478 subjects, recruited by the MARK study. Adiposity measures: general adiposity by body mass index (BMI), central adiposity by waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), fat mass percent by the Clı´nica Universidad de Navarra—body adiposity estimator (CUN-BAE), percentage of body fat and of visceral adipose tissue by body roundness index (BRI) and visceral obesity and general adiposity with body shape index (ABSI). The diagnosis of MetS was made in accordance with the criteria established in the international consensus of the Joint Scientific Statement National Cholesterol Education Program III. Results The highest correlation coefficients were obtained by the glycemic components (HbA1c and FPG) of the MetS and ranged from 0.155 to 0.320. The exception was ABSI, which showed lower values in the global analysis and in the males. Values of the area under the ROC curve with the adiposity indices ranged from 0.773 with the BMI in males to 0.567 with ABSI in males. In the logistic regression analysis, all adiposity factors, except ABSI, showed similar OR values of MetS after adjusting for possible confounding factors. In the global analysis, the adiposity index that showed a highest OR of MetS was CUN-BAE (OR 5.50; 95% CI 4.27–7.09). In the analysis by gender, the highest ORs were BMI in males (OR 5.98; 95% CI 4.70–7.60) and both WHtR and BRI in females (OR 4.15; 95% CI 3.09–5.58). Conclusion All adiposity indices, except for ABSI, show an association with MetS and similar ability to detect subjects with MetS among people with intermediate cariovascular risk ​
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