Species-specific and collection method-dependent differences in endometrial susceptibility to seminal plasma-induced RNA degradation

This study aimed to determine the effect of bull seminal plasma (SP) and sperm on endometrial function. Bovine endometrial explants were incubated with: ejaculated sperm with or without SP, epididymal sperm, or SP alone. Neither ejaculated nor epididymal sperm induced differential expression of IL1A, IL1B, IL6, IL8, PTGES2, TNFA, and LIF. Interestingly, SP had a detrimental effect on endometrial RNA integrity. Addition of an RNase inactivation reagent to SP blocked this effect, evidencing a role for a SP-RNase. Because bulls deposit the ejaculate in the vagina, we hypothesized that the bovine endometrium is more sensitive to SP-RNase than vaginal and cervical tissues (which come into contact with SP during mating), or to endometrium from intrauterine ejaculators (such as the horse). In addition, due to differences in SP-RNase abundance depending on SP collection method (i.e., with an artificial vagina, AV, or by electroejaculation, EE), this effect was also tested. Bull SP, collected by AV, degrades RNA of mare endometrium, and bovine vagina, cervix and endometrium. However, stallion SP or bull SP collected by EE did not elicit this effect. Thus, results do not support a role for SP in modulating endometrial function to establish pregnancy in cattle ​
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