The Ethics behind slum tourism : Kibera study case

Carbó Canadell, Alèxia
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As the alternative forms of tourism arise on popularity so does the ethical dilemmas and concerns. Types of tourism such as pro-poor tourism, volunteer-tourism, cultural tourism, township tourism, Favelas Tourism and slum tourism are increasing in demand and attracting tourists from to visit timpoverished areas. Although all these types of tourism advertise in a way that appeal to the emotions of the costumer and also emphasize the educational purpose, is it really positive for the communities or is it just poverty exploitation?. Furthermore, the pro-poor tourism has become a key element for the econòmic development of the third world countries, but not much research is being done about the impact and the ethics of these practices. Therefore, the prime question of this paper is if this typology of tourism is ethical. The next step will be to analyse Kibera, the biggest Slum in Africa.Therefore, the main aim of this thesis is to analyse how this industry is ethically positioned on this product, how the tourist feel and think bout the expected and the received product and what are the residents’ opinions on the matter. with their culture. ​
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