Especialización olivarera, cambios institucionales y desigualdad agraria en la Alta Campiña de Córdoba (siglos XVIII-XX)

This article examines from several angles the evolution of inequality since the end of the Ancien Regime in a rural Andalusian village. Our research is mainly based on fiscal sources, aided by data from private accounting registries, land registry documents, texts from agrarian engineers, etc. The transformation of rural spaces and of local agricultural production is discussed first. Second, the evolution of property distribution, agricultural surplus and income are addressed. Last of all, this study explains the inequality effects derived from both socio-institutional transformations begun during the crisis of the Ancien Regime and specialization in wine or olive oil production - combined with intensification in other types of production processes- that took place in Aguilar and the surrounding area much earlier than in the rest of Cordoba Province ​
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