Evaluation of prognostic and predictive significance of circulating MicroRNAs in ovarian cancer patients

Halvorsen, Ann Rita
Kristensen, Gunnar
Embleton, Andy
Adusei, Cybil
Beale, Philip
Helland, Åslaug
Ovarian cancer patients are recognized with poor prognosis. This study aimed to identify microRNAs in plasma for predicting response to treatment and outcome. We have investigated microRNAs in plasma from ovarian cancer patients enrolled in a large multicenter study (ICON7), investigating the effect of adding bevacizumab to standard chemotherapy in patients diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer. Patients with different histology, grade, and FIGO stages were included (n = 207) in this study. Screening of 754 unique microRNAs was performed in the discovery phase (n = 91) using TaqMan Low Density Arrays. The results were validated using single assays and RT-qPCR. Low levels of miR-200b, miR-1274A (tRNALys5), and miR-141 were significantly associated with better survival, confirmed with log-rank test in the validation set. The level of miR-1274A (tRNALys5) correlated with outcome was especially pronounced in the high-grade serous tumors. Interestingly, low level of miR-200c was associated with 5-month prolongation of PFS when treated with bevacizumab compared to standard chemotherapy. We found prognostic significance of miR-200b, miR-141, and miR-1274A (tRNALys5) in all histological types, where miR-1274A (tRNALys5) may be a specific marker in high-grade serous tumors. The level of miR-200c may be predictive of effect of treatment with bevacizumab. However, this needs further validation ​
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