Application of Anodic Stripping Voltammetry to assess sorption performance of an industrial waste entrapped in alginate beads to remove As(V)

Solid waste material containing Fe(III) and other metal (hydr)oxides produced in a metal surface treatment industry has been investigated for As(V) removal. In order to facilitate sorbent application, 2% of raw material has been entrapped in calcium alginate gel matrix (2% O-CA). An accurate characterization of the sorption on gel beads was undertaken, considering thermodynamic and kinetic aspects. All experiments were carried out at pH 8, since the maximum As(V) sorption was reached between pH 6 and 9. About isotherms, the best fit was obtained considering the Langmuir model and a capacity of 1.9 mg/g was achieved. The kinetic profiles evidenced that a quantitative sorption was obtained within 10 h. The 2% O-CA beads were also tested for continuous As(V) removal in a fixed bed column. Experiments were performed at constant flow rate, and varying the inlet As(V) concentration. With a view to design an automatic system for As(V) analysis in the outlet flow, the suitability of applying Anodic Stripping Voltammetry was evaluated: the method resulted appropriated to follow the As(V) content in the outlet solutions of columns with metal inlet concentration <1 mg/L. These results suggested that 2% O-CA beads could be a promising sorbent candidate for As(V) removal Eliminar seleccionats ​
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