Effects of low arsenic concentration exposure on freshwater fish in the presence of fluvial biofilms

Text Complet
EffectsLlowArsenicConcentration.pdf closed access
Sol·licita còpia a l'autor de l'article
En omplir aquest formulari esteu demanant una còpia de l'article dipositat al repositori institucional (DUGiDocs) al seu autor o a l'autor principal de l'article. Serà el mateix autor qui decideixi lliurar una còpia del document a qui ho sol•liciti si ho creu convenient. En tot cas, la Biblioteca de la UdG no intervé en aquest procés ja que no està autoritzada a facilitar articles quan aquests són d'accés restringit.
Compartir
Arsenic (As) is a highly toxic element and its carcinogenic effect on living organisms is well known. However, predicting real effects in the environment requires an ecological approach since toxicity is influenced by many environmental and biological factors. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate if environmentally-realistic arsenic exposure causes toxicity to fish. An experiment with four different treatments (control (C), biofilm (B), arsenic (+ As) and biofilm with arsenic (B + As)) was conducted and each one included sediment to enhance environmental realism, allowing the testing of the interactive effects of biofilm and arsenic on the toxicity to fish. Average arsenic exposure to Eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) was 40.5. ±. 7.5 μg/L for + As treatment and 34.4. ±. 1.4. μg/L for B + As treatment for 56 days. Fish were affected directly and indirectly by this low arsenic concentration since exposure did not only affect fish but also the function of periphytic biofilms. Arsenic effects on the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities in the liver of mosquitofish were ameliorated in the presence of biofilms at the beginning of exposure (day 9). Moreover, fish weight gaining was only affected in the treatment without biofilm. After longer exposure (56 days), effects of exposure were clearly seen. Fish showed a marked increase in the catalase (CAT) activity in the liver but the interactive influence of biofilms was not further observed since the arsenic-affected biofilm had lost its role in water purification. Our results highlight the interest and application of incorporating some of the complexity of natural systems in ecotoxicology and support the use of criterion continuous concentration (CCC) for arsenic lower than 150. μg/L and closer to the water quality criteria to protect aquatic life recommended by the Canadian government which is 5. μg As/L ​
​Tots els drets reservats