L’evolució del paisatge forestal (1950-2013) a l’Alt Empordà

The evolution of the forest landscape (1950-2013) in the Alt Empordà. In Catalonia in the last 50 years there has been a significant transformation of the landscape agroforestry. The region of Alt Empordà is a very interesting case, where the forest area has increased by 12% in the period from 1957 to 2009. This is a product of rural abandonment occurred during the second half of the twentieth century. During this period the forest and the scrublands invaded the agricultural areas, as a product of the lack of forest exploitation and abandonment ofcrops. As a result of this process the landscape have been homogenized, and has increased the risk of fires. Looking to the future, the landscape of Alt Empordà are going to change more, because the climate change scenarios predict changes in the distribution of forest species and the increase of fires. It’s important to learn and understand these changes in order to improve forest management adapt to climate change and cope with fires, at the same time that we conserve a diverse natural forests, and the mosaic patchwork landscape with pastures, farmlands, grassland, and forests, like the characteristic landscape of the Mediterranean biogeographical region ​
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