Solid-phase synthesis of cyclic lipopeptidotriazoles

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The solid-phase synthesis of cyclic lipopeptidotriazoles derived from the cyclic decapeptide c(Lys-Lys(2)-Leu-Lys-Lys(5)-Phe-Lys-Lys-Leu-Gln) (BPC194), incorporating a triazolyl ring at Lys(2) and a hexanoyl group at Lys(5), was studied. Four different strategies that required the use of five orthogonal protecting groups (Fmoc, tBu, All, pNZ, ivDde) were explored. The influence of the side-chain protection of Lys(2) and Lys(5) with the ivDde and pNZ groups was evaluated by incorporating Lys(2)(ivDde)/Lys(5)(pNZ) or Lys(2)(pNZ)/Lys(5)(ivDde). The order of removal of these protecting groups and of the introduction of the hexanoyl and triazolyl moieties was also studied. The best strategy included: (i) synthesis of a cyclic peptidyl resin bearing Lys(2)(ivDde) and Lys(5)(pNZ); (ii) pNZ group removal; (iii) acylation with hexanoic acid; (iv) ivDde group removal; and (v) acylation with propiolic acid followed by an azide-alkyne 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. By using this protocol, a set of cyclic lipopeptidotriazoles was prepared in high purities ​
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