TCDI vs TCD for stroke risk prevention in children with sickle cell anemia: a cross-sectional study

Subirats Vila, Gemma
Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are at increased risk of stroke. Elevated blood-flow velocities in the middle cerebral artery detected by Transcranial Doppler (TCD) are a good predictor of stroke risk in these children. Velocities obtained by TCD are measured by using a specific parameter, the time-averaged mean of the maximum velocity (TAMM). Children with TAMM velocities ≥200 cm/sec are at high risk of stroke, and transfusions as primary prevention might be done. Transcranial Doppler-imaging (TCDI) is now widely available and it allows the visualization of intracranial vessels. Few studies have compared the TAMM in TCD and TCDI, and no studies have established a cutoff point for TAMM in TCDI equivalent to the STOP criteria of “normal”, “conditional” and “abnormal”, which could predict a high risk of stroke in children with SCA Objectives: To compare the TAMM velocity obtained by TCDI with the TAMM velocity obtained with TCD in the middle cerebral artery, and to determine a cutoff point for TAMM in TCDI that could predict a high risk of stroke in children with SCA Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study of a diagnostic test. 78 children with sickle cell anemia between 2 to 16 years will be evaluated with both TCD and TCDI in order to determinate the TAMM with the two devices. Velocities obtained with both Doppler techniques will be compared using an intraclass correlation coefficient ​
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