Targeted vs. standard treatment against Helicobacter pylori: safety assessment clinical trial

Pardini Gispert, Giovanna
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a gram negative bacteria that represents a considerable global burden in the world and is related to many gastrointestinal diseases (peptic ulcer, gastric MALT lymphoma or gastric cancer). Currently the triple standard therapy is less used as there is an increase of the clarithromycin resistance. Therefore patients have to receive several lines of treatment with the consequence of adverse events and the possibility to interrupt the treatment. This is why the main objective is to determine if making a culture and antibiogram to do a targeted treatment cause less adverse events with the same eradication than making an empirical treatment to eradicate H. pylori. The secondary objective is to determine the prevalence of resistance to clarithromycin in the province of Girona This is a multicentre clinical trial without blinding; patients are selected by non-probabilistic sampling, with a total sample of 868 patients randomized in two equal groups of 434 patients in each group. The study will last 2 years. The endpoints will be to evaluate the adverse events and eradication of each group of patients. Also it will be evaluated the resistance to clarithromycin ​
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