The Exohedral Diels–Alder Reactivity of the Titanium Carbide Endohedral Metallofullerene Ti2C2@D3h-C78: Comparison with D3h-C78 and M3N@D3h-C78 (M=Sc and Y) Reactivity

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Show simple item record Garcia Borràs, Marc Osuna Oliveras, Sílvia Luis Luis, Josep Maria Swart, Marcel Solà i Puig, Miquel 2012
dc.identifier.issn 1521-3765
dc.description.abstract The chemical functionalization of endohedral (metallo)fullerenes has become a main focus of research in the last few years. It has been found that the reactivity of endohedral (metallo)fullerenes may be quite different from that of the empty fullerenes. Encapsulated species have an enormous influence on the thermodynamics, kinetics, and regiochemistry of the exohedral addition reactions undergone by these species. A detailed understanding of the changes in chemical reactivity due to incarceration of atoms or clusters of atoms is essential to assist the synthesis of new functionalized endohedral fullerenes with specific properties. Herein, we report the study of the Diels–Alder cycloaddition between 1,3-butadiene and all nonequivalent bonds of the Ti2C2@D3h-C78 metallic carbide endohedral metallofullerene (EMF) at the BP86/TZP//BP86/DZP level of theory. The results obtained are compared with those found by some of us at the same level of theory for the D3h-C78 free cage and the M3N@D3h-C78 (M=Sc and Y) metallic nitride EMFs. It is found that the free cage is more reactive than the Ti2C2@D3h-C78 EMF and this, in turn, has a higher reactivity than M3N@D3h-C78. The results indicate that, for Ti2C2@D3h-C78, the corannulene-type [5, 6] bonds c and f, and the type B [6, 6] bond 3 are those thermodynamically and kinetically preferred. In contrast, the D3h-C78 free cage has a preference for addition to the [6, 6] 1 and 6 bonds and the [5, 6] b bond, whereas M3N@D3h-C78 favors additions to the [6, 6] 6 (M=Sc) and [5, 6] d (M=Y) bonds. The reasons for the regioselectivity found in Ti2C2@D3h-C78 are discussed
dc.description.sponsorship The following organizations are thanked for financial support: the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN, project numbers CTQ2008-03077/BQU, CTQ2008-06532/BQU, and CTQ2011-23156/BQU), and the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (project numbers 2009SGR637 and 2009SGR528). Financial support from MICINN and the FEDER fund (European Fund for Regional Development) was provided by grant UNGI08-4E-003. M.G.-B. thanks the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion, Cultura y Deporte for the doctoral fellowship number AP2010-2517. S.O. is grateful to the European Community for postdoctoral fellowship PIOF-GA-2009-252856. Excellent service by the Centre de Serveis Cientifics i Academics de Catalunya (CESCA) is gratefully acknowledged. The authors are also grateful for the computer resources, technical expertise, and assistance provided by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centro Nacional de Supercomputacion. Support for the research of M. Sola was received through the ICREA Academia 2009 prize for excellence in research funded by the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation MEC/PN 2009-2011/CTQ2008-03077
dc.relation MEC/PN 2009-2011/CTQ2008-06532
dc.relation MICINN/PN 2012-2014/CTQ2011-23156
dc.relation.isformatof Reproducció digital del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartof © Chemistry : a European Journal, 2012, vol. 18, núm. 23, p. 7141-7154
dc.relation.ispartofseries Articles publicats (D-Q)
dc.rights Tots els drets reservats
dc.subject Ful·lerens
dc.subject Fullerenes
dc.subject Enllaços químics
dc.subject Chemical bonds
dc.subject Reaccions químiques regioselectives
dc.subject Regioselectivity Chemical reactions
dc.subject Diels-Alder, Reacció de
dc.title The Exohedral Diels–Alder Reactivity of the Titanium Carbide Endohedral Metallofullerene Ti2C2@D3h-C78: Comparison with D3h-C78 and M3N@D3h-C78 (M=Sc and Y) Reactivity
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/252856
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Espanya)
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)

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