Tracing the Origin and Spread of Agriculture in Europe

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dc.contributor.author Pinhasi, Ron
dc.contributor.author Fort, Joaquim
dc.contributor.author Ammerman, Albert J.
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation Pinhasi, R., Fort, J., i Ammerman, A.J. (2005). Tracing the origin and spread of agriculture in Europe. PLoS Biology, 3 (12), e410. Recuperat 12 setembre de 2011, a doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030410
dc.identifier.issn 1545-7885
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10256/3543
dc.description.abstract The origins of early farming and its spread to Europe have been the subject of major interest for some time. The main controversy today is over the nature of the Neolithic transition in Europe: the extent to which the spread was, for the most part, indigenous and animated by imitatio (cultural diffusion) or else was driven by an influx of dispersing populations (demic diffusion). We analyze the spatiotemporal dynamics of the transition using radiocarbon dates from 735 early Neolithic sites in Europe, the Near East, and Anatolia. We compute great-circle and shortest-path distances from each site to 35 possible agricultural centers of origin—ten are based on early sites in the Middle East and 25 are hypothetical locations set at 58 latitude/longitude intervals. We perform a linear fit of distance versus age (and vice versa) for each center. For certain centers, high correlation coefficients (R . 0.8) are obtained. This implies that a steady rate or speed is a good overall approximation for this historical development. The average rate of the Neolithic spread over Europe is 0.6–1.3 km/y (95% confidence interval). This is consistent with the prediction of demic diffusion(0.6–1.1 km/y). An interpolative map of correlation coefficients, obtained by using shortest-path distances, shows that the origins of agriculture were most likely to have occurred in the northern Levantine/Mesopotamian area
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science
dc.relation.isformatof Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0030410
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS Biology, 2005, vol. 3, núm.12, p. e410
dc.relation.ispartofseries Articles publicats (D-F)
dc.rights Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència Creative Commons: Reconeixement (by)
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/deed.ca
dc.subject Agricultura -- Origen
dc.subject Anàlisi espacial (Estadística)
dc.subject Correlació (Estadística)
dc.subject Agriculture -- Origin
dc.subject Correlation (Statistics)
dc.subject Spatial analysis (Statistics)
dc.title Tracing the Origin and Spread of Agriculture in Europe
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0030410


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